red osier dogwood native american uses

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The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. I uncovered this as I was compiling a list of Tobacco additives and Substitutes for my "Sundry Naturals" article. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Red twig dogwood is a deciduous loose-spreading shrub, growing 6-12 ft. tall, with smooth, dark red, shiny bark. Uses: Red osier dogwood twigs are used to make wreaths and baskets. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. They have the widest range of all native Dogwood species. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. Bright stems in the snow! The red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea/stolonifera) is native to eastern North America, but does not occur naturally as far south as South Carolina. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. It is also the best time to harvest it Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Red squirrels, chipmunks and raccoons include red osier dogwood in their diets, while snowshoe hare and beaver browse the twigs in winter. Hazards. Store Address. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Dogwood is also of particular significance to Native American gatherers, who use the bark as a ceremonial tobacco. They are fast growing, & very ornamental with year round interest. Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. Fruits: This species can spark vomiting and mild symptoms of poisoning. & Gray) Fosberg is known as western dogwood. Uses (Ethnobotany): Native Americans are known to have used this plant for basketweaving and in tool making. .. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Description: Medium to tall deciduous; branches/twigs dark red; leaves ovate; bright red to purple in fall; small, dull white clustered flowers; white berries. Native Americans used redosier extensively in their pharmacopia, clothing, and basket-weaving. People make medicine from the bark. A subspecies, Cornus sericia spp. Cornus means horn or antler, or “the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolled”—which may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. Kinnikinnick is a Native American and First Nations herbal smoking mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves or barks. It was also used as food. Smoking Mixture: Red Willow can be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other herbs like bearberry, osha, and sumac. [PFAF] Purgative: Use only DRIED bark of C. stolonifera; the fresh shrub bark can be quite purgative to the intestinal tract.The white fruits of American dogwood are not recommended for internal use as they can cause toxic reactions. Plant, count Artemisia ludoviciana (White sage), 242 Achillea millefolium (Yarrow), 257 Acorus calamus (Calamus), 259 Rumex crispus (Curly dock), 150 Artemisia tridentata (Sagebrush), 250 Mentha arvensis (Wild mint), 234 Sambucus nigra (Black elderberry), 303 Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), 200 Ten plant species with the largest number of medicinal uses. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. MEDICINAL USES: Analgesic, Astringent, Febrifuge, Miscellany, Poultice, Purgative, Skin, Stimulant, Tonic, Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, skin problems etc.. In some Mohawk communities, the primeval Tree of Life in the Sky World was said to be a giant dogwood tree. A deciduous large shrub, the silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is loved for its white bracts in late spring and colorful orange, red and purple fall … Its range covers much of North America, except the southeastern U.S. and the far north. Native American uses of Red Willow Bark. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. [Schofield] "The fruit can cause nausea[172]." Baskets from the Columbia River region often feature red stripes of dogwood … American dogwood, red willow, redstem dogwood, Cornus sericea ssp. American dogwood is a plant. Osier is a French term for a type of willow used for basketry. Uses Ethnobotanic: Native … Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. Email: Phone: +1 408 996 1010 Fax: +1 408 996 1010 sericea; Cornus stolonifera var. Red osier dogwood is a quintissential North American native, inhabiting wetlands and other moist soils in dense thickets from Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, Illinois, and West Virginia [2]. Bark readily peels off of dried stems and must be further dried before use. Parts of the plant were used by native tribes to produce black, red, and khacki dyes. Field Notes: Popular ornamental shrub often planted for red coloring of stems in dormant season It never forms a shapely tree like some of its relatives (other dogwoods) but rather remains a shrub or thicket. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Home / Native / CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) $ 12.98 – $ 48.50. Native American Dogwood Mythology Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American tribes. 304 London NY 10016. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Red-Twig Dogwood Cornaceae-Dogwood Family Cornus sericea L. (KOR-nus sir-IH-see-uh) Names: Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera. Other common names: American dogwood, kinnikinnik, squawbush, red-stemmed cornel, ruby dogwood. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Table 3. (72-120” tall x 72-120” wide) Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood, also known as Red Osier Dogwood, is an extremely hardy and versatile native shrub. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). Aroma: Sweet and woodsy. 48 Park Avenue, East 21st Street, Apt. The flexible branches were used in … Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. Cornus sericea. On the west coast, native tribes made tea from the bark for medicinal purposes. occidentalis (Torr. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. This is a multi-stemmed shrub with growth to 6ft’, usually less and can be held at any height with pruning. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Preparation: Pliable, freshly-cut twigs are used for wreathes. And like its namesake, the supple red branches of Red-Osier Dogwood are often featured in Native American basket weaving. Areas of Usage: One of the most useful native shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood is attractive throughout the year. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Habitat: Native throughout northern & western N. American; damp soil; dense thickets. nevadensis Jepson and Cornus stolonifera Michaux (Hickman 1993). Red willow gets its name following its colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape. Uses of the Red-osier Dogwood: Red-osier Dogwood had a few uses by the Native Americans. The spring flowers are small but clustering & fragrant, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies. Recipes for the mixture vary, as do the uses, from social, to spiritual to medicinal. The spirit of Willow is one to discover! The statement that really caught my eye about Red Osier Dogwood is that it was smoked by the Native Americans to produce effects similiar to Opium.. . Contact Info. Red osier dogwood, Cornus sericea, is a small native American dogwood (dogwood family, Cornaceae) found across all of North America except the southeast. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COSE16) Native Plants Network (COSE16) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (COSE16) (just give you a minute to suck that information in). C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. It is a host plant for the lovely Spring Azure Butterfly. Classification: Although it assumes the Willow name, the bark is actually that of the Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera). . Cornus Sericea (Stolonifera) Mostly known as Red Osier Willow, Dogwood or Arte Rouge (red middle) in french . Cornus sericea, syn. A terrific choice for rain gardens, stream embankments, and garden beds, Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood holds up throughout the seasons and gives gardeners color just when they need it most! Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. The twigs were used for all sorts of functions including salmon spreaders and medicinal uses. OTHER: The Red Twig Dogwood is a shrub native to North American. Sericea means covered […] You may know it by one of its many other names: Red osier dogwood, Red willow, Red stem dogwood, Red twig dogwood, Red-rood, American dogwood, Creek dogwood, and Western dogwood. The beautiful slender red stems are used for basket weaving by Native American tribes. Birds love to eat the white-blueish berries In summer.

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